Les Âmes mortes
BlurbRussia’s first major novel, and perhaps still its most popular, Nikolai Gogol’s Dead Souls is a comic epic of greed and gluttony that is admired not only for its colorful cast of characters and devastating satire, but also for its sense of moral fervor. The anti-hero of the novel is a man named Chichikov, who hatches a brilliant plan to get rich quick. He will journey through Russia and buy up, at reduced rates, the recently deceased serfs of landowners, who now won’t have to pay government taxes on the ‘dead souls.’ With this list of fictitious serfs as collateral, Chichikov can buy an estate and begin amassing his fortune. What follows is a series of grotesquely humorous transactions with Russian landowners, each more queer and repellant than the last. Although Gogol spends much of the novel exposing the evils of the Russian gentry through absurd and hilarious satire, he also expresses a passionate love for his country that resonates with readers even today. A stylistic tour de force, encompassing an astonishing range of voices from delicate, intimate lyricism to robust, bawdy ribaldry, Dead Souls is an intensely felt anatomy of the human condition.
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Der Roman wurde auf zwei Teile angelegt. Als der erste erschien, sprach Puschkin vom wichtigsten Roman eines russsichen Autors. Beim Lesen habe er gleichzeitig geweint und gelacht. Gogol geriet am Ende seines jungen Lebens in Rom in eine religiöse Krise. Er warf den gerade fertiggestellten zweiten Teil in Feuer und bereute es fast sogleich. Wenig später starb er.