雾都孤儿

Novel by 查尔斯·狄更斯

Blurb

《苦海孤雏》,是英国作家查理斯·狄更斯的第二部作品,在1838年由理查德·宾利出版。
故事记叙了一位孤儿奥利佛·退斯特在济贫院的悲惨经历,以及随后在殡仪馆的遭遇。他逃出了伦敦后遇到了少年犯头子小扒手道奇。天真无辜的奥利佛被他们带到了教唆犯费金的老巢。
《苦海孤雏》的特点在于狄更斯对罪犯和他们肮脏生活以平淡无奇的方式写在笔下。小说揭露了狄更斯时代伦敦大量孤儿的悲惨生活。小说的副标题是《教区男孩的进步》,暗指约翰·班扬的《清教徒进步》和18世纪威廉·荷加斯的讽刺连载《浪子的进步》和《娼妓的进步》。
如同狄更斯的其他小说,本书揭露许多当时的社会恶疾,如救济院、童工、以及帮派吸收青少年参与犯罪等,试图唤起大众的注意。狄更斯使用讽刺和黑色幽默来对社会虚伪进行了嘲讽。小说的灵感可能来自罗伯特·新西兰,这位孤儿在纺织厂做童工的苦难在十九世纪30年代被广泛阅读。而狄更斯早年的童工经历也可能对故事情节发展有所贡献。
本书曾多次改编为电影、电视剧及舞台剧。世界知名导演罗曼·波兰斯基于2005年也曾将此书拍成电影。最早林纾将其译作《贼史》,后有人译为《孤雏泪》。

First Published

1838

Member Reviews Write your own review

queen

Queen

I could read stories like this forever--sure beats the garbage that is popular in movies and books these days. If you have some great stories like this one, you can publish it on Novel Star, just submit your story to [email protected] or [email protected]

0 Responses posted yesterday
leah.mae.n.bernardo

Leah.mae.n.bernardo

I really love your story, it deserves a lot of audience. If you have some great stories like this one, you can publish it on Novel Star, just submit your story to [email protected] or [email protected]

0 Responses posted 3 days ago
emariporzee

Emariporzee

Thank you so much for making me smile while reading your book. such a compelling story. If you have some great stories like this one, you can publish it on Novel Star, just submit your story to [email protected] or [email protected]

0 Responses posted 5 days ago
cariza

Cariza

Kudos to the writer of this book. You did an amazing job. Why don't you try to publish your book in NovelStar? A lot of readers will love your work, judging from the book I just read.

0 Responses posted about one week ago
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