On the origin of species by means of natural selection
BlurbOn the Origin of Species, published on 24 November 1859, is a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. Its full title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. In the 1872 sixth edition "On" was omitted, so the full title is The origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. This edition is usually known as The Origin of Species. Darwin's book introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection. It presented a body of evidence that the diversity of life arose by common descent through a branching pattern of evolution. Darwin included evidence that he had gathered on the Beagle expedition in the 1830s and his subsequent findings from research, correspondence, and experimentation.
Various evolutionary ideas had already been proposed to explain new findings in biology.
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Darwin's Origin of Species is a classic book that should be read by any evolutionary biologist, if only for history's sake. He is incredibly observant, and notes many things that evolutionary biologists are still wrestling with. That said, Darwin was an infamously bad writer. This isn't a book many folks would casually read for pleasure. It is a piece of scientific literature, and although it is also a natural history tome, it is best suited for those with academic interests over those with just a casual interest in biological evolution and it's early heroes.